· Indoor swimming pools [Selected to represent Spain at SB11]
Martos, Jaén, Spain
2014 [:2006 International Open Competition]
> 1st Prize
Complex of indoor swimming pools and sports facilities.
Notable use of bioclimatic principles for which it was selected among the 16 buildings to represent Spain at SB11 Helsinki, 2011.
[SB11 Helsinki World Sustainable Buiding Conference]
October 18-21, 2011
> 37.720338°N, 3.980857°W
The indoor swimming pool is located in the rough constructed landscape of Martos’ periphery, in the middle of the world’s biggest olive-growing area.
A boundary wall partly dug creates a hybrid of tapia, platform and socle, which encloses a sequence of inner and outer spaces:
▪ On the upper street level is taking place the entrance, an isolated small pavilion which is superposed and connected to the lower floor, a buried space layer containing the gym, changing rooms and side rooms
▪ Two courtyards (patios) provides natural light and natural ventilation, as in andalusian vernacular architecture
▪ The main space has two swimming pools. It´s a large 42x22m room covered by a 3m high ventilated cold roof
The sport complex is composed by addition of these architectural elements. The main roof, with a 3-dimensional space frame, rests exclusively on the boundary wall, denying any other vertical support to emphasize transparency, configuring a common inner landscape.
The swimming-pavilion roof is a translucent volume, with movable sun protection louvers in the buffer. Its composition allows controlling the heat transfer by forcing natural ventilation thanks to chimney effect, using sun energy for heating and natural lighting.
To reduce energy demand, we opt to passive and active measures:
▪ Optimal A/V ratio
▪ Biomass for water-heating
▪ Buried spaces as natural protection
▪ Patios for natural illumination, ventilation and evaporative cooling
▪ Boundary wall and vegetation, as solar protector
▪ Translucent ventilated cold roof (ventilated double skin) with responsive mechanical system to control heating/cooling of the air in buffer and natural lighting.
> Competition Model. 2006
Regional Government of Andalusia. Spain
· José Carlos Sánchez-Romero
Studio of Architecture
· Thilo Gumbsch
JM de la Torre
Jarquil Global SL
16-18: © JCSR Studio of Architecture
© Thilo Gumbsch
JCSR Studio of Architecture